Environmental and social risks are increasingly crucial to manage in land-based investments. In addition, land and resource rights are unclear and undocumented in many emerging and frontier markets. A lack of reliable information on land use and ownership generates risks for projects. If not mitigated, a once profitable project can aggravate social conflicts and result in losses.

Indufor offers a range of services to help communities, private sector investors and governments find cost-effective and socially responsible solutions to common environmental, land tenure, and other social challenges. Our staff bring a wealth of experience from government, private sector and civil society to understand and bridge the interests and operational realities of different stakeholder groups.

In the realm of impact assessment, Indufor provides clients with a wealth of intelligence and practical knowledge in assessing environmental and social risks and their impacts in corporate operations. Its well-designed impact assessments can mitigate risks as well as significantly increase the profitability and acceptability of an operation.

Our staff is intimately familiar with current international norms and guidance, including:

  • The International Finance Corporation’s (IFC) Environmental & Social Performance Standards
  • World Bank Environmental and Social Framework
  • Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests
  • Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investment
  • The Interlaken Group Guide for Respecting Land and Forest Rights
  • Analytical Framework for Land-based Investments in African Agriculture released by Grow Africa and the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition,


Our land tenure and property rights services can stand alone or be integrated within broader due diligence and ESIAs commissioned by clients. Our  services include:

For private clients

  • Identification of social and environmental risks
  • Environment and social impact assessments (ESIA)
  • Land tenure and property rights due diligence
  • Identification of land suitable for investment opportunities
  • Land acquisition assistance and advice
  • Design and establishment of company-community partnerships
  • Stakeholder analysis and community consultations
  • Design of grievance mechanisms
  • Risk mitigation planning to assist in conflict management
  • Analysis of corporate social responsibility strategies and operations
  • Guidance and advice for adhering to international standards and norms related to land rights and responsible investment

For government and NGO clients

  • Assessment and design of land tenure programs
  • Customary land tenure and indigenous land rights
  • Legal and institutional assessment and analysis
  • Land use change analysis and participatory land use planning
  • Land concession audits
  • Mapping and documentation of land and resource rights
  • Capacity building and training
  • Independent evaluation of land tenure investments

Examples of our projects include the following:

  • USAID Responsible Land-Based Investments
  • USAID Investor Survey on Land Rights
  • Support to Interlaken Group Guidance on Land Tenure for Companies.

Area Experts

Jeffrey Hatcher

Managing Director of Indufor North America

Blair Freeman

Head of Strategy and Sustainability (Australia)

Karena Mahung

Senior Consultant

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